Over the past 17 years, the problem of obesity steadily increased and finally reached a record level. Such a disappointing verdict was made by experts from the National Institute of Medical Statistics in a recent study.

Experts found that overweight is faced with 40 percent of the adults and 19 percent of the children and adolescents in the United States. These numbers are higher than ever in US history. Obesity has become a real epidemic that affects more and more people. The scientists were called to figure out how to solve the crisis of obesity. Obesity leads to an increased risk of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and many other severe health issues. According to the statistic, cardiovascular disease and diabetes are the main reasons for deaths in the world.

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Unfortunately, the study shows that no one diet will affect us the same way. This is also a reason for conflicting studies in nutrition. Lately, low-fat strategies and low-carbohydrate strategies are the most popular ones. Both of them showed almost similar weight-loss results. In most cases, these regimens lead to moderate weight loss, however, these eating patterns may work well for some people and not well for others.

Kevin Hall, a researcher at the National Institutes of Health, supposes that the key point of these diets is that both of them have a similar rule - cutting out on ultra-processed food which is extremely popular in the USA as it's cheap, easy to prepare and tasty. According to statistics, 57% of Americans regularly consume ultra-processed-food. The research shows that people who eat ultra-processed food eat 500 calories per day more compared to those who don't. Experts theorize that this may happen due to hormonal changes that are triggered by the consumption of ultra-processed foods. Eating ultra-processed food probably lowers the hormone that suppresses appetite and increases the production of ghrelin, a hormone of hunger, which leads to food cravings and result in overeating. Still, there is no enough evidence to state that ultra-processed food leads to obesity. Moreover, it's extremely difficult to get accurate data in nutrition study as the results depend on multiple factors like lifestyle, health status and diet of the research participants. Usually, subjects fail to stick to a diet precisely, so it's hard to tell for sure whether the meal plan in question is effective.

Probably, the latest researches on the question will help the nutritionists to find the key to a more effective way of weight loss. As for now, the scientists recommend following a personalized nutrition plan as it tailored to your food preferences, your lifestyle and your body peculiarities, this will definitely give you a better result.

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