All of us have heard in childhood horror stories about swallowed gum and about how terrible can be the consequences of accidental or deliberate ingestion. And it was always interesting, what happens with the chewing gum and the one who ate it.
A rare child did not swallow the gum at least once during a lifetime, doing this partly out of curiosity, because he was repeatedly warned that something terrible would happen after that. Or unusual. Or nothing will happen at all.
In general, we can say that after swallowing one chewing gum, no terrible consequences are to be expected. Chewing gum simply passes through the gastrointestinal tract and leaves it naturally. When it enters the stomach, our internal organs struggle to neutralize this product. The liver as a natural filter, tries to remove all the coloring and stabilizers that are contained in the chewing gum to prevent the occurrence of an allergic reaction.
Then the stomach will begin to split it. With the help of hydrochloric acid, it dissolves sugar, mint oils that act as flavors, as well as vegetable oils with glycerin, which play the role of softeners.
When the chewing gum enters the intestine, it looks like a polymeric mass, because it has lost its stickiness due to hydrochloric acid. The intestine can only take it out after a day.
But not everything goes so good. Sometimes after you swallow a chewing gum you may experience serious symptoms noticing which you should immediately consult a doctor. First of all, such symptoms include high temperature.
Also, they may be itching and burning, nausea and vomiting, high blood pressure. In fact, these symptoms can be caused by the components of which the chewing gum consists.
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Now we will talk more about the composition of chewing gum. The rubber base makes up more than 20% of the total mass of chewing gum. She consists in general of latex, which is able to cause an allergic reaction.
But there is up to 60% of sugar in the chewing gum. From a microbiological point of view, such a large amount of sugar makes the chewing gum safe - bacteria do not live at such concentrations of sugar. But there are excess calories, metabolic disorders and dental diseases, which is promoted by chewing gum, like any candy.
One of the most dangerous components of the chewing gum is Sorbitol E420, which can cause vomiting, nausea and diarrhea. Another dangerous component is Acesulfame-K E950, which can lead to cancer.
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