Breast cancer ranks second in cancer deaths among women. About 252 000 of new cases are found in the US each year.
Like other cancers, breast malignancy occurs because of uncontrolled cells grow.
This abnormal process can start from different tissues of the mammary gland. Depending on the location, specialists discern ductal and lobular cancers. Sarcomas and lymphomas are the two other types, which don’t really develop from breast tissue.
Breast cancer has ability to metastasize to lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
Scientists aren't still fully confident about the exact causes of breast malignancy.
However it was recognized that heredity plays a key role in cancer development. Being a women over 55 years also increases cancer-associated risks.
Though we can't modify our age and family history, we're still able to lower hazards of breast cancer occurrence.
Nobody is insured against abnormal cells growth, but there are some steps you can do to minimize your risks.
#1. Maintain healthy weight – the close link was found between obesity and breast cancer development. Women after menopause are more likely to accumulate fat on their waist. Doctors say that excessive centimeters on your waistline indicate fat clustering around internal organs. Improve your diet and perform regular physical activity to get rid of extra kilos and lower risks of breast cancer, diabetes, heart failure and osteoarthritis.
#2. Limit alcohol – one glass of wine can bring benefits to your heart and mood. But excessive alcohol consumption can boost your risks of malignant growth in the breast. The American Cancer Society advises limit alcohol intake to one beverage a day for women and two – for men.
#3. Stay active – regular exercises were found to decrease hazards of breast cancer, obesity and heart disease as well. It is recommended perform at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous exercises per week.
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#4. Avoid smoking – lung problems is not the single consequence of tobacco consumption. Inhalation of harmful chemicals, contained in cigarettes and cigars, can be also a culprit of breast and other types of cancer.
#5. Breastfeed – recent researches show that women, who perform breastfeed, have lower risks of breast cancer than those, who choose not to do it. The reason may be about changes in estrogen levels.
#6. Avoid carcinogens – there is a wide variety of chemicals, which can disturb normal body's functioning and cause uncontrolled cells growth. Try to avoid exposure to these agents in order to reduce cancer hazards.
#7. Get screened – the American Cancer Society recommend get annual mammograms for women after their 45, in order to catch neoplasm on the early stages. Early detection helps treat breast cancer more effectively and increases chances of complete convalescence.
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