Skin cancer was recognized to be the most widespread type of malignancy. Just think that this trouble is diagnosed in about one million Americans each year!
Statistic says that one in five people in the US will experience skin cancer during their lives.
Skin cancer develops, when cells of this largest organ in your body tend to grow out of control.
Your skin is made of two layers: the derm (deep stratum) and the epidermis (external layer). This outer sheath includes squamous cells, basal cells and melanocytes. The last type contains pigment melanin, which determines our skin's color.
Cancer can begin in any kind of cells. Depending on its primary location and cells compound, specialists discern the basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
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Melanoma is the most inauspicious type of skin cancer, which can spread to other parts of the body.
Like in other cancers, nobody can say exactly, why do cancerous cells appear in the body.
The close link was found between ultraviolet radiation and uncontrolled abnormal cells growth. Both excessive sunlight exposure and tanning lamps can extremely boost your risks of melanoma and other types of skin malignancy.
Having fair skin and many moles make you more likely to experience skin neoplasm.
If you have close relatives with malignant skin tumor, your hazards of the same trouble are really high.
How can you actually identify skin cancer appearance? Check up these signs of your outer layer malignancy.
#1. Pappy lumps with translucent blood vessels – pearly bumps, often with a dimple and visible vessels, are the warning signs of basal cell carcinoma. This type of skin cancer presents about 90% of all cases. It grows slowly and rarely expands to other body areas.
#2. Red crusty papula – these nodules can indicate cancer of the external epidermis layer (squamous cell carcinoma). Like other types of skin cancer, red scaly lesions are more likely to develop on the sun-exposed parts of the body like arms, neck, lips and ears.
#3. Pigmented strip – linear dark streaks on the palms, feet and nails are rather common manifestations of melanoma. Don't ignore these alarming formations, as according to the Skin Cancer Foundation, one person dies of this type of skin cancer every 54 minutes.
#4. Flat red spot with brown edges – superficial basal cell carcinoma may become apparent in red flaky patches, which don’t tower over the skin surface and can cause itching, bleeding and discomfort.
#5. Asymmetrical large brown to dark blue patches – melanoma is not constant in color, shape and size. Being larger than 6mm, it can change the borders, form and hue.
Consult with your dermatologist, if you've suspected skin cancer in yourself or in the relatives. The earlier cancer is detected, the higher chances of efficient treatment.
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