Are high-heel shoes your routine choice? Be aware, you have high risks of bunion! Medically called hallux valgus, this growth is usually formed at the big toe base. Less commonly it can occur at the joint of the little toe. It is so called bunionette (tailor's bunion).
Sometimes these deformities can develop without causing any symptoms. However those, who experience bunions, often complain of pain and discomfort when putting on their shoes or walking.
The other frequent symptoms include redness, numbness, swelling and tingling. These annoying sensations may become worse, if putting high-heel or narrow foot wear.
Though uncomfortable shoes were found as the main trigger of hallux valgus, they're not the major cause.
Pay attention on your mother's or sister's foot. It seems safe to assume that they have the same bumps on the big toe because bunion-prone foot structure is a hereditary feature.
Having flat feet, lower arches and round head of the first metatarsal bone can dramatically boost your risks of hallux valgus.
If having this foot type and wearing narrow or high-heel shoes, your big toe begins to push against other toes, that leads to joint protrusion.
Previous traumas, arthritis and excessive weight can also encourage bunion development.
By the way women are much more likely to suffer from hallux valgus. It's mainly about your high heels in a couple with hormonal alterations, which usually occur during the pregnancy.
Specialists say that people, who are occupied in standing and walking jobs, have higher chances of bunions.
Nowadays we have wide variety of treatment methods, which can help to get rid of aching lumps on your big toe. Here are some non-surgical ways to relieve your bunion:
#1. Look for right shoes – choose wider shoes with flexible sole and stable low heels (or without them at all). Selection of suitable foot wear can ease hallux valgus symptoms and prevent its progression.
#2. Pads – special gel or fleece bunion pads can decrease pressure on the affected joint and alleviate pain.
#3. Orthotic – speak with your doctor about shoe inserts, which can be individually made or selected for your feet, depending on the type of deformity and your personal requirements.
#4. Painkillers – hallux valgus is often accompanied by inflammation around the joint. As a result, pain and swelling can significantly impair the quality of your life. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen and paracetamol can be helpful to ease these symptoms and overcome inflammation.
#5. Ice packs – wrap ice pack in a towel and apply it to the painful area to alleviate the symptoms and reduce inflammation.
#6. Exercises – it's worth trying special exercises to strengthen the feet. Being barefoot, try to pick up pencils from the floor with your toes. Or you can sit in the chair (barefoot) and put your toes near the towel. Flex the toes and pull this towel up with them.
#7. Maintain healthy weight – the higher load presses on your feet, the worse the symptoms of hallux valgus. That's why it's important to get rid of excessive kilos to relieve the bunions.
Consult with medical professional to get examined and to choose the best way to improve your feet health. Your doctor can advise you osteotomy, arthrodesis, exostectomy or other surgical methods, if conservative treatment appears inefficient.
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