Menopause is a natural stage of our lives. You probably know that your menstrual function and fertility are regulated with sex hormones. Your ovaries produce estrogen and progesterone, which help to release eggs and become pregnant.
After your later 30s, synthesis of these hormones begins to decrease gradually. The full stop of their production is associated with menopause.
If your menses are absent during last twelve months, you’ve reached menopause. The average American women experience this stage between 45 and 55 years old.
Besides natural reduction of estrogen and progesterone, menopause can be a result of surgical uterus removal, cancer treatment or genetic-induced problems.
Different women experience this period of their lives in different ways. The most common symptoms include hot flashes, sleep problems, night sweats, mood swings and body changes, which become apparent because of estrogen decline.
Actually hormonal changes make an influence on the numerous organs and body functions.
Let’s see, which problems you can meet during and after menopause.
#1. Osteoporosis – estrogen normally supports new bones synthesis, taking part in osteoblasts production. When its levels get lower, your bones lose their firmness and flexibility. As a result, your chances of fractures become really increased.
#2. Cardiovascular diseases – it was found, that women after menopause are more likely to suffer from heart and vessels problems, than those, who still have menstruation. It maybe about estrogen levels, which effects on the artery lining. Nevertheless, you can prevent after-menopause heart troubles by lifestyle modification and by following the heart-healthy diet.
#3. Urinary incontinence – lack of estrogen can impair vaginal and urethral elasticity, causing involuntary urination, which usually occurs during coughing and other abrupt movements.
#4. Sleep apnea – menopause is frequently associated with night sweats and insomnia. In addition to this, recent studies show that risks of sleep apnea get dramatically increased after menopause. The causes are not clear enough, but it may be about hormonal shift.
#5. Obesity – it was recognized that those, who have reached menopause, are more likely to accumulate fat around the waist. Abdominal fat is not only the problem of your shape, but also of your heart health.
#6. Mental issues – several researches show that certain mental problems like schizophrenia and panic disorder can firstly manifest during menopause.
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