Your emotions, mental function, energy and even slimness are under the control of a small butterfly-shaped organ, situated in the front of your neck.Furthermore, this endocrine gland is responsible for maintenance of normal body temperature, heart health and muscle strength.
Thyroid gland consists of two lobes, connected by isthmus. It has ability to regulate many body functions through production of the hormones triiodothyronine and thyroxine. Like other organs, thyroid gland can fail, causing numerous health issues.
If your thyroid begins to produce too much of hormones, you may feel so anxious and nervous, as you have never been in your life. It can be a result of autoimmune process (Grave’s disease), when your immune system mistakenly attacks your own thyroid cells. Other possible causes of thyroid hyperfunction include toxic nodules, inflammation (thyroiditis) and cancerous neoplasms.
Sometimes your butterfly-like gland can significantly cut down synthesis of the thyroid hormones. This problem is medically called hypothyroidism. Underactive thyroid gland may be caused by autoimmune Hashimoto's disease, surgical removal of the gland, intensive exposure to radiation, or may develop as a side effect of certain medications (amiodarone, lithium).
Occasionally thyroid gland may enlarge and make it difficult to swallow and breath. Goiter can be a culprit of your hoarse voice, permanent cough and swelling in the neck.
Although thyroid cancer is not so common as melanoma or breast malignancy, it is diagnosed in more than 56 000 Americans each year.
It's worth knowing the main symptoms of thyroid problem to detect it as soon as possible. Check out these signs, that your gland doesn't work properly:
#1. Irritability and nervousness – feeling agitated and anxious without any underlying causes may be a warning sign of overactive thyroid gland.
#2. Brain fog and lack of concentration – your thyroid gland controls your mental health, you know. If something goes wrong, you may find it difficult to concentrate (hyperthyroidism) or may experience brain fog and forgetfulness (hypothyroidism).
#3. Intensive hair loss – it’s a good idea to examine your thyroid gland, if you’ve noticed excessive hair fall, brittleness and dullness.
#4. Low libido – it was found that both hyper- and hypothyroidism can be a culprit of your decreased sex drive.
#5. Menstruation abnormality – lack of thyroid hormones usually leads to long-term and heavy menstrual bleeding, while excessive amount of these chemicals results in scanty or absent menses.
#6. Weight changes – unintentional weight loss may be a consequence of thyroid hyperfunction. At the same time, poor synthesis of thyroxine and triiodothyronine usually leads to weight gain.
#7. Depression and exhaustion – each of us feel tired and sad from time to time. But be aware that long-term depression and inexplicable fatigue may be caused by underactive thyroid gland.
#8. Heat or cold intolerance – it’s one of the most common signs of thyroid dysfunction. People with hyperthyroidism usually complain of intolerance to high temperatures, while those with hypothyroidism conversely can’t tolerate cold.
#9. Heart rate changes – too much of thyroid hormones make your heart to beat more quickly. On the other hand, heart rate gets slower in those, who suffer from decreased levels of thyroid hormones.
#10. Constipation – your bowel can’t work properly, if problem occurs in the thyroid gland. When it stop to synthesize sufficient amount of TH, your gut loses its motility that leads to constipation.
#11. Sleep problems – sleeplessness is a frequent symptom of overactive thyroid. Conversely, hypothyroidism sufferers often feel a need to nap, even in the daytime.
#12. Skin dryness or hyperhidrosis – impaired metabolism, associated with underactive thyroid gland, leads to insufficient moistening of the skin and its dryness. Overproduction of triiodothyronine and thyroxine, vice versa, make you sweat excessively.
#13. New formations in the neck – sometimes people notice nodules, lumps or goiter in the mirror or during palpation. In advanced cases new formations can change your voice or disturb swallowing and breathing.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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