Why is our body so warm? Why do my heart beats so quickly? Why is she so slim, despite of eating hamburgers? Why can't I concentrate? Answers on all of these questions may be in a small butterfly-like gland, located in the front of your neck.

Thyroid gland consists of two lobes, connected through the narrow “bridge” (isthmus). It's the only organ, which has ability to take iodine from the foods and convert it into special hormones called thyroxine and triiodothyronine.

Most of the processes in your body depend upon the functioning of your thyroid cells. Proper work of this gland is controlled by a part of your brain (pituitary gland). Sometimes problems can occur, causing overactive or, conversely, underactive thyroid. Both excessive and scarce production of thyroid hormones can significantly influence on your metabolism, mental health, heart rhythm and body temperature.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

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Though thyroid cancer is not as common, as breast malignancy, it can nevertheless develop in any of us. In the majority of cases thyroid gland gets affected through unclear reasons. Autoimmune processes can start in thyroid tissue, leading to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism occurrence.

By the way, specialists are sure that our lifestyle and habits can trigger abnormal processes in thyroid gland. Be aware about these factors, which can impair your thyroid health:

#1. Constant stress – each of us experience stressful situations from time to time. The real problem is, if your physical or emotional stress lasts for a long time, disturbing your hormonal balance and causing thyroid dysfunction.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

#2. Low-iodine diet – this chemical is required to produce thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency is associated with increased hazards of hypothyroidism and thyroid cancer. Fortunately, nowadays it's a sporadic problem, as we can fill daily need of iodine by eating sea salt, fish, seaweed, beans and natural yogurt.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

#3. Poor weight control – being overweight or obese can dramatically boost your risks of thyroid malignancy.

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#4. Smoking – numerous studies have shown the close link between tobacco consumption and thyroid issues. It was found that smokers are twice as likely to suffer from hyperthyroidism, caused by autoimmune Grave's disease, than those, who stay away from cigarettes.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

#5. Too much of calcium – according to research, excess of calcium in the diet may contribute to goitre development.

#6. Eating too large amount of cruciferous vegetables – kale, cauliflower, brussel sprouts and kohlrabi contain certain antithyroid chemicals, which can even lead to cancer occurrence.

#7. Excessive alcohol – alcohol may disturb thyroid functioning because of high cellular toxicity and significant impact on the hormonal balance.

Credit: Pixabay

Credit: Pixabay

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The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!

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