Almost each woman is familiar with menstrual cramps, headaches, mood swings and fatigue. Monthly events are not the most pleasant thing in the world, but not having them is a warning sign for women in childbearing age.
Your ovaries release an egg each month to give you a chance to conceive. This process is called ovulation. It happens between your menses, in the middle of the cycle. If egg doesn't get fertilized, levels of reproductive hormones drop down, shedding uterine lining and causing menstrual bleeding.
As you've probably know, menstrual cycle is regulated by sex hormones. These chemicals are produced by your ovaries. Levels of estrogen and progesterone usually fluctuate during the menstrual cycle.
Your periods normally occur once in 21 to 35 days and last on the average 3-5 days (no more than seven days). Stress, medications and numerous disease may disturb duration of the cycle, cause heavy bleeding or make your periods unbearably painful.
Check up these abnormal symptoms of menstruation, which can indicate health problems:
#1. Painful menses – most women experience mild abdominal cramps several days before periods. The problem is, if painful sensations become severe, making it difficult even to perform daily tasks. Dysmenorrhea (medical name for irresistable menstrual aches) may be a symptom of endometriosis, uterine fibroids,and pelvic inflammatory disease.
#2. Heavy bleeding – if your menses are heavier or last longer, it may be a sign of hormonal imbalance, myoma, adenomyosis, cancer or hypothyroidism. Be aware that heavy menstrual bleeding may lead to anemia.
#3. Clots in menstrual blood – many women notice bright red or dark thick clots in the menstrual blood. It's worth consulting with your doctor, as it may be a symptom of miscarriage (if you're pregnant), leiomyoma, endometriosis or enlarged womb.
#4. Nausea and vomiting – severe cramps can come together with nausea and vomiting, indicating health problems such as endometriosis, infection, ovarian cysts or fibroids.
#5. Spotting – unscheduled vaginal bleeding is frequently caused by hormonal abnormalities, uterine fibroids, sexually transmitted infection or cancer of the reproductive organs.
#6. Pain with bowel movements – endometriosis is a disease, in which tissue from the uterine lining (endometrium) begins to grow in the other organs. Painful defecation is one of the common signs of this disorder.
#7. Significant changes – symptoms of menstruation may vary from woman to woman. It's a good idea to visit a medical specialist, if your usual symptoms have suddenly changed.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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