Do you know that one in every eight American women suffer from breast cancer? This disorder ranks second among the most common cancers in the US. Woman's breast consists of 15 to 20 lobes, which are divided into the smaller parts called lobules. They contain special glands that can produce milk.
Milk ducts carry milk from the glands to the nipple. Each of your breasts has a wide net of blood and lymph vessels. Sometimes problems may develop, leading to uncontrolled growth and multiplication of abnormal cells. This may occur in any part of the body, including breast tissue.
If these cells don't spread to other body areas, the condition is called benign tumor. Malignant cells tend to propagate quickly and metastasize to other organs. Breast cancer may start in any part of the mammary. In the majority of cases malignancy primary locates in the milk glands or ducts.
The problem is that breast cancer may exist and progress for a long time, without causing any symptoms. Breast lump or nipple changes are usually the first manifestations of the malignancy. Other common symptoms include pain, nipple discharge, redness or thickening of the breast skin.
Even today exact causes of the breast cancer are still unknown. Specialists say that genetic mutations play a great role in this disorder. Family history of breast cancer may also increase your risks of the same problem.
However there is a high number of potentially modifiable factors like excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, lack of physical activity, taking certain medicines, which can dramatically boost hazards of the breast cancer occurrence.
Fortunately we have ability to lower our chances of the breast malignancy, following these useful recommendations:
#1. Avoid smoking – it is one of the best things you can do for your health. The close link was found between smoking and cancer development. Try to avoid tobacco consumption, including secondhand smoking to reduce your risks.
#2. Stay active – it is recommended performing at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous exercises a week to lower risks of numerous diseases, including breast cancer.
#3. Maintain healthy weight – being overweight or obese can extremely increase your hazards of the breast malignancy occurrence. Determine your optimal weight, using the body mass index. Healthy diet and physical activity may help you stay lean and healthy for many years.
#4. Limit alcohol – according to the American Cancer Society recommendations, you should limit your daily alcohol intake to one beverage for women and two – for men.
#5. Breastfeed – researches show that women, who have breastfed, have much lower risks of the breast cancer, than those who didn't do it.
#6. Reduce excessive exposure to radiation – get medical-imaging examinations such as X-rays and computerized tomography, only when it is really necessary.
#7. Get examined – experts don't have general consensus about effectiveness of breast screenings in the cancer prevention. The American Cancer Society advises to do annual mammograms for women older than 40. It may be also a good idea to perform self-examination each month to detect new lumps and other changes on the early stages.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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