Even those of us, who follow strict diet, may notice higher number on the scales several days before periods.
It may be stressful enough, as sometimes women may gain up to ten pounds at this period.
We all are familiar with premenstrual mood swings, fatigue, acne, abdominal cramps and bloating.
Specialists hold the opinion about participation of the hormones in the development of premenstrual uncomfortable symptoms.
Estrogen and progesterone are two main reproductive hormones, which keep under the control your menstruation and fertility. Their levels normally fluctuate during the cycle, making a great influence on the whole body.
Premenstrual symptoms vary from woman to woman. You may gain six pounds and experience extreme fatigue and dizziness some days before your monthly events, while your friend may have only slight cramps. It is unfair, we know.
You might be interested, why do you gain weight prior to your menses. Actually some of us suffer from this problem during the periods and even a few days after they're over.
Let's see, what's the matter of your premenstrual «plus-kilos».
- Fluid retention – cyclic changes of sex hormones may retain fluid inside the body's cells. Besides this, women often crave salty foods before their periods start. That can also increase fluid retention, leading to increase of the body weight and to appearance of the bloating symptoms.
- Food cravings – even if you’re dedicated dietitian and your usual menu consists of broccoli and boiled chicken breast, you may experience irresistable want to eat cakes, ice cream, chips and other unhealthy (but so tasty) foods prior to the menses.
Recent study found a link between changes in hormonal levels and food cravings. The closer your periods are, the higher are levels of stress hormone cortisol. It makes you eat fatty and high-carb foods like hamburgers and chips.
On the other hand, it was found that premenstrual syndrome is frequently accompanied with drop of the brain chemical serotonin. If having low serotonin and high cortisol levels, you may prefer eating chocolate, cakes and other sugar-full products. The reason is that these foods contain simple carbs, which get metabolized faster, leading to normalization of the serotonin levels.
Fries, donuts and coke? Here is your surplus on the scales!
Don't forget that your extra pounds would stay on your waist, even after menstruation comes to close.
It's worth substituting all these cookies and chocolate bars with complex carbs such as cereals and whole-grain bread.
- Low magnesium levels – according to the research, women are more likely to suffer from magnesium deficiency at the second part of the menstrual cycle. Lack of this essential mineral may lead to fluid retention, abnormal insulin and blood sugar levels. Add more magnesium-rich foods like leafy greens, fish, nuts and tofu to your diet in order to avoid unpleasant premenstrual symptoms. Speak with your doctor about taking special magnesium supplements.
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