Your body naturally produces waxy substance called cholesterol, which supports digestion and synthesis of the hormones, vitamin D.
Moderate amount of cholesterol is needed for proper body functioning.
The problem becomes apparent, if it contains too much of cholesterol.
This chemical is transported through the blood flow in connection with particles called lipoproteins.
Low-density lipoprotein is recognized as transporter of the “bad” cholesterol, as it tends to stick to the walls of your vessels and build up there.
At the same time, so-called “good” cholesterol, carried by high-density lipoproteins, tries to catch “bad” cholesterol in the blood and return it to the liver.
Accumulation of fatty substance on the arteries' lining leads to thickening of the vessel and narrowing of its lumen. This condition is known as atherosclerosis.
As a result, blood flow in the affected area gets significantly decreased. When cells don't attain sufficient amount of oxygenated blood, they begin to die off gradually.
This problem mainly occurs because of your unhealthy habits and lifestyle.
It was found that overweight and obese people, smokers, those who prefer high-fat foods and follow sedentary lifestyle, have much higher cholesterol levels, than others.
You may be interested, how to recognize excessive accumulation of the fats inside your vessels. Here are the most common signs that your body contains too much cholesterol:
#1 Chest pain – buildup of cholesterol inside the coronary vessels impairs blood supply of the heart muscle. As your heart isn't well-provided with oxygen, it can't pump blood as needed. That leads to pain and discomfort in the chest, which get worse during physical activity.
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#2 Cramps and tingling in the extremities – decreased blood flow to the limbs may cause burning, numbness and achiness in your legs or arms.
#3 Dizziness – it occurs, when your brain don't get sufficient amount of oxygen. Be aware that severe headache and lightheadedness may be a sign of stroke.
#4 Chronic kidney disease – it may develop because of accumulation of the fat in the renal arteries. Kidney dysfunction usually manifests in increased urge to urinate, reduced appetite, nausea, swelling in the lower extremities, eye puffiness and problems with concentrating.
#5 Shortness of breath – people with high cholesterol levels often complain of difficulty breathing and sense of “air deficiency”, which appear during physical activity or even at rest (at the advanced stage).
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