From month to month your ovaries release an egg into your fallopian tubes. If gets fertilized, it travels then to the womb and fastens there.
Unfertilized egg is removed from the reproductive organs.
Your ovaries are responsible for maturation, releasing of the eggs and production of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. All these processes occur in the sac-like formations called follicles.
In the middle of the menstrual cycle an egg breaks out of the follicle in order to give you ability to conceive.
Sometimes this sac doesn't rupture, not allowing the egg to run away. In this situation follicle can grow, causing creation of the follicular cyst.
The problem may also develop, when follicle releases the egg, but then begins to accumulate fluid inside itself. This disorder is medically called corpus luteum cyst.
These two types refer to the functional cysts. They're usually harmless and may disappear within several menstrual cycles, even without treatment.
Besides this, there are some types of cysts, which don’t have connections with normal menstruations. The most common of them include dermoid cysts, cystadenomas and endometriomas.
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These abnormal formations may become really large and lead to rather dangerous complications like torsion and bleeding.
Ovarian cysts, which happen after menopause, are frequently malignant. That's why medical professional recommend having pelvic examinations regularly.
Though nobody is assured from the development of the ovarian cyst, there are some factors, which may significantly increase your hazards. For example it was found that long-term consumption of fertility drugs is associated with elevated risks of the ovarian cyst.
Having endometriosis or pelvic infection may also contribute to the cystic formation in your ovaries.
In the majority of cases ovarian cysts are symptomless. However as they enlarge, women may experience pelvic pain, sense of heaviness in the belly and abdominal bloating.
Cancerous cysts often cause changes in duration and/or severity of menstruation, unintentional weight loss, extreme fatigue and abnormal vaginal bleeding.
Depending on the size, structure and symptoms of the cyst, your doctor may prescribe you hormonal pills or recommend for surgical intervention. There are two main types of surgery: laparoscopy (minimally invasive method) and laparotomy (that requires a large incision of the abdomen).
Medical professionals can't reach a consensus about effectiveness of the home remedies in the treatment of this disorder.
Some specialists are of opinion that herbal teas, like chamomile, mint and blackberry, may relieve muscle tension and calm you.
It was also found that application of the ice packs or warm pads can help to alleviate soreness and relax tense muscles.
Unfortunately we can't completely prevent formation of the ovarian cysts. However we're still able to minimize the risks.
Several studies found that constant exposure to stress may trigger development of the ovarian cyst. Try to cope with your emotional stress, using meditation, yoga, deep breathing and other relaxation techniques.
It was also found that being overweight or obese may dramatically increase your chances of ovarian cyst occurrence. That's why experts recommend performing regular physical activity and maintaining healthy weight in order to reduce hazards of numerous health problems, including cystic changes of the ovaries.
Nowadays soy products become more and more popular, particularly among vegetarians.
But did you know that processed soy foods contain estrogen-like components, which can disturb your hormonal balance and raise risks of the ovarian cysts?
Certain herbal supplements like black cohosh, milk thistle, vitex and maca root seems to be helpful in regulation of the hormonal levels. However more evidence is needed, and you should consult with medical professional before taking any supplements.
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