Can you imagine that a small organ, which weighs about 15g, can turn your health upside down? However it's true.
Thyroid gland is a tiny organ, located in your neck, in the neighborhood with the voicebox and windpipe.
It normally produces hormones called thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Owing to this, thyroid gland has ability to control your metabolic rate, body temperature, menstrual cycle, mental function and heart working.
When something goes wrong in your body, this gland may significantly cut down generation of the hormones, causing hypothyroidism.
In the majority of cases it occurs because of autoimmune disorder, when person's immune cells begin to destroy his or her thyroid tissue by mistake.
Other common causes of hypothyroidism include inflammatory process, surgical treatment of hyperthyroidism, exposure to radiation and regular consumption of certain medications.
According to statistics, this disorder affects about 4.6% of American adults.
Actually specialists say that women are more prone to the thyroid dysfunction than men. Risks of hypothyroidism raise with passing years.
Though mild hypothyroidism often stays unnoticed, it's worth getting thyroid examination, if noticed any of these symptoms in yourself:
#1 Weight gain – lack of thyroid hormones may dramatically impair your metabolism. That leads to weight gain, even if you eat healthy foods and exercise regularly.
#2 Depression – each of us feel upset from time to time. The problem is, if your depression has become a permanent condition. In addition to this, people with hypothyroidism often experience causeless anxiety.
#3 Cold intolerance – as your metabolic rate gets decreased, your body may start to produce less of heat. As a result, stay in the cold environment may be a real problem for you.
#4 Mental fog – it may appear difficult to concentrate and remember certain familiar things, if your thyroid gland creates too few of the hormones.
#5 Menstrual changes - women with thyroid hypofunction usually complain of irregular periods and heavy menstrual bleeding.
#6 Fatigue and drowsiness – insufficient synthesis of thyroid hormones may be a culprit of your inexplicable long-term tiredness and irresistable want to nap.
#7 Dry skin – decreased metabolism influences not only on the way you spend calories. Your sweating glands stop to work properly too. That's why your skin isn't moisturized as needed and gets dry and itchy.
#8 Constipation – hypothyroidism may influence on the motility of your digestive tract, causing frequent constipation.
#9 Hair loss – deficiency of thyroxine and triiodothyronine may affect hair follicles, leading to intensive hair loss and its brittleness.
#10 Low libido – it was found that underactive thyroid gland may be a reason of your reduced sex drive.
Fortunately it's possible to fulfill lack of thyroid hormones by consumption of synthetic hormones, available in the pills.
Besides this, you're able to correct your thyroid dysfunction and improve the treatment with natural remedies.
Like wide variety of other diseases, hypothyroidism may be prevented and corrected by changing your diet. Experts recommend staying off sugar-rich products, as they boost risks of inflammation and aggravate symptoms of the disease.
Hashimoto's disease (autoimmune disorder, which was recognized as the most frequent cause of hypothyroidism) may significantly lower levels of the selenium. This microelement plays a great role in the synthesis of thyroid hormones.
Add more selenium-rich foods like tuna, brazil nuts and turkey to your diet, or go for special supplements.
Several studies found a link between hypofunction of the thyroid gland and imbalance of the intestinal microflora. Enhance your gut bacteria, taking yogurt, kefir, kombucha or supplements.
Low levels of thyroid hormones are associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. You can find it in dairy products, fortified cereals, eggs and seafoods.
However you need to visit your doctor, if you're suspected to have underactive thyroid gland.
READ MORE: 10 things about breasts every woman should know
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
Please share this with your friends and family and let us know what you think in the comments below.