How often, after the birth of a child, we hear “a baby has mother’s eyes” or “a child looks like daddy”. We are used to the fact that genetically the parents pass on their external features, eye and hair color, birthmarks and even character and habits to the baby. But, in addition, parents can pass on to their baby a lot of different genetic diseases.
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What is genetic heredity? Each gene of our body contains a unique DNA. In this case, each gene carries a kind of code of a specific feature. The genes of the father and mother are paired, with one gene in the pair being overwhelming (dominant), another suppressed (recessive).
If a mother or father carries a pathological gene, then it will be passed on to the child. In this case, if the carrier of a sick gene is only the mother or only the father, then the risk is reduced by half in comparison, if both parents carry this sick gene. The fact is, if the sick gene is overwhelming, the child will get a hereditary disease, if the gene is suppressed, then the child will be just a carrier and will give it to his future children.
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Unfortunately, there are genetic diseases that occur in almost every generation, i.e. always have an overwhelming gene. Such diseases include diabetes, psoriasis, obesity, hyper- and hypotension, epilepsy, schizophrenia, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, and others. And here is a list of 5 health problems that can be blamed on the genes:
#1. Heart Disease
Each of you probably knows that in order to have a healthy heart, he must adhere to certain rules: no smoking, maintaining a healthy BMI, exercising regularly, eating a diet low in red meat and saturated fat. What’s more, a 2016 study showed just how critical these habits were for people who had a genetic risk for heart disease.
The participants underwent DNA testing that looked at 50 different markers for coronary artery disease. For those who tested in the highest-risk group, adhering to a favorable lifestyle brought down their risk by 50 percent.
So, if you know that you genetically can have a risk of heart disease, then you need to do everything possible to keep your heart healthy. In addition to changing your lifestyle, if you know that you are in the high-risk group, you may choose to take a statin medication earlier than you normally may.
#2. Colon Polyps
If you know that in your family someone had an adenomatous polyp, then it will help you to find out if you are at risk of colorectal cancer. These polyps might develop in your colon during your teen years, but become malignant as you get closer to 40.
The American Cancer Society discovered that as many as one in five people who get the disease is related to someone who has had it. We recommend you study the history of this disease in your family as early as possible in order to avoid bad consequences for you.
#3. Celiac Disease
Nowadays gluten-free products have become popular, so many people know what celiac disease is, and what a person experiences during this disease. There are people who do not tolerate gluten, and because of this, they have temporary digestive problems. However, celiac patients who ingest the wheat protein experience serious harm to their small intestine.
The fact is, people with a first-degree relative with the disease (meaning a parent, child, or sibling) have a one in 10 risk of getting this themselves, since there are genes associated with celiac disease. If you feel any incomprehensible symptoms that were previously unknown to you, we strongly recommend you consult a doctor.
#4. High Cholesterol
People with the genetic disorder called familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) have dangerously high levels of LDL, or “bad cholesterol,” from birth and are 20 times more at risk for early heart disease, including heart attacks and stroke, according to the FH Foundation. However, genetic testing combined with simple blood cholesterol test can lead to diagnosis and treatment with statins.
The fact is, familial hypercholesterolemia is the most common genetic cause of early heart disease. However, if to take action on time, then an individual’s risk can be reduced by 80 percent.
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At present, there are many different studies on the genetic roots of mental conditions. However, do not forget to look at your family history because this can give you many answers. If in your family there are more than two people who suffer from depression, then you should go to the doctor, because it's likely that you will also be affected. In addition, some genetic tests can help determine which medications you will respond best to.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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