Having occasional difficulties finding appropriate word, feeling tired of work or family and forgetting things from time to time is a normal part of aging.
But in some of us, cognitive decline becomes unusually severe and progresses intensively. This condition is known as dementia.
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In more than 80% of cases, dementia is a result of Alzheimer's disease.
Your brain contains billion of nerve cells, which are connected to each other with wide net of nerves and passways. Owing to this structure, your brain has ability to process information, make decisions and remember things.
In Alzheimer's, abnormal protein called beta-amyloid, builds up between neurons, disrupting transfer of nerve signals. Tangles are another protein-made elements, which accumulate within the cells and destroy them from inside.
Even though formation of tangles and plaques is common for most older adults, people with Alzheimer's have much more of these elements and develop them in special manner.
While dementia is not a normal part of aging, most people get it when get older.
However, Alzheimer's Association data show that nearly 200 000 Americans developed Alzheimer's disease before their 65. This rare type of mental decline is called early-onset Alzheimer's.
Specialists say that genes play a great role in this disorder. So, most people with early-onset Alzheimer's have close relatives with the same problem.
What are the warnings signs of the most common type of dementia? Check up them:
#1. Extreme forgetfulness – forgetting birthday of your uncle doesn't mean that you have Alzheimer's. But if you can't remember recently learned material and ask the same questions many times, maybe it's worth making an appointment with your doctor. Memory loss is especially common in patients with early-onset type of disease.
#2. Problems with planning – it may appear really hard to develop plan of actions and follow it. In some cases, people can't keep track of bills and cook by recipes.
#3. Lost tracks of time – those, who has Alzheimer's, manifested before the age of 65, are often confused about their location, season, time of the day and the date.
#4. Lack of concentration – routine activities often require good focus and critical thoughts. That's why it's usually a big problem for people with Alzheimer's dementia.
#5. Vision problems – it's not uncommon that Alzheimer's disease causes troubles judging distances, understanding color of the object and determining its contrast. This often makes very difficult to drive a car.
#6. Difficulties with writing and speaking – when dementia progresses, people frequently forget familiar words, being unable to figure out their thoughts and find right names for the words.
#7. Putting things in unusual place – we all misplace things from time to time. But for those, who live with Alzheimer's, misplacing items is a daily routine. Moreover, a person usually can't retrace steps to find them.
#8. Changes in judgement – poor decision-making abilities is a rather common sign of Alzheimer’s. Patients spend a lot of money for telemarketing, don't pay attention to personal grooming and find it unnecessary to shower themselves regularly.
#9. Mood swings and changes in personality – no, it's not about your premenstrual depression or menopause-related nervousness. In the case of Alzheimer’s, individuals become extremely anxious, sad, suspicious and confused without any reason, showing these changes everywhere, including work and home.
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#10. Staying off social activities – even if you were very active and communicative, Alzheimer's dementia may change this, making you to withdraw from hobbies, sports and work projects.
The BetterMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, happy life! Your health is a valuable thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remember you only get one!
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