You probably know people, who are allergic to certain medications, citrus fruits and chemicals. But have you ever heard that it's completely possible to have allergy to milk?
This is especially common problem for children under the age of three. Specialists say that in most cases they outgrow this problem before sixteen years old.
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No, it's not the same with lactose intolerance.
In allergy, milk consumption triggers immune processes. Special antibodies contact with allergens that leads to releasing of different chemicals.
People, who are intolerant to lactose, don't have sufficient amount of special enzyme (lactase). It is normally produced by cells of the small intestine in order to digest lactose-rich foods.
It's not uncommon that lactose intolerance appears as a temporary reaction to infection.
So, although milk allergy and lactose intolerance may have some common symptoms, they have different mechanisms and consequences.
How can you actually spot milk allergy? Specialists say that some individuals feel the symptoms immediately after exposure to allergen, while others experience them after a while:
#2. Itchiness and numbness in the area around the mouth
#3. Watery eyes
#4. Diarrhea, sometimes with bloody stool
#5. Upset stomach
#6. Cough and breathlessness
#7. Discomfort and spasms in the abdomen
#8. Runny nose
Unfortunately, the only way to prevent allergy is to avoid exposure to triggers.
It may be really hard to do this in the case of milk allergy. In fact, milk contains two kinds of protein: casein and whey.
If you're allergic to milk, it's very important to read the labels, when buying products in the supermarket.
Milk proteins could be sometimes found not only in dairy products like yogurt, butter and cheese, but also in processed meats, canned tuna, energy drinks, chocolate, caramel and even in chewing gums.
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Allergy may cause serious reactions and even life-threatening anaphylactic shock. If you have risks for severe reaction, your doctor may recommend having auto-injector with adrenaline (epinephrine) handy.
Some of those, who have milk allergy, can tolerate dairy after heating like when baking. However it's worth consulting with medical professional before making these dietary changes.
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